Audubon's Field Guide to Birding Trails

Audubon's Field Guide to Birding Trails

There are a lot of species to see out there. Here are four sets of regional birding trails to guide you to some of the country's great spots.

By Kenn Kaufman
Published: July-August 2008

Susquehanna River Birding & Wildlife Trail, Pennsylvania: Developed by Audubon Pennsylvania, this ambitious trail is centered on the mighty Susquehanna River, but it spreads out to take in more than 200 sites in 39 counties, with detailed directions and bird-finding information. Much of central Pennsylvania is covered with extensive and magnificent forestland, a stronghold for such spectacular birds as richly hued scarlet tanagers, flashy rose-breasted grosbeaks, and big, bold pileated woodpeckers. Ridges that run from northeast to southwest through Pennsylvania serve as a migratory route for birds of prey in fall, and this trail will lead you to some of the best vantage points, such as the world-famous Hawk Mountain Sanctuary. Hit this ridge on the right day in fall and you might see sharp-shinned hawks by the hundreds or broad-winged hawks by the thousands sailing along on updrafts from the valleys below. Of course, many water birds follow the Susquehanna itself during migration, stopping over on the river or on nearby marshes and lakes. Shorebirds, gulls, terns, herons, and egrets are all regular visitors. Great noisy flights of tundra swans furnish a major annual spectacle here in late fall and early spring as they follow the river to and from wintering grounds on the Chesapeake Bay. For more information: Visit the Susquehanna River Birding & Wildlife Trail or call Audubon Pennsylvania at 717-213-6880.

Rhode Island Coastal Birding Trail: Rhode Islanders have heard every cliche about their state's small size, but they know they can find big numbers of birds without venturing beyond their borders. This trail features seven prime sites, including two national wildlife refuges as well as parks and wildlife management areas. In salt marshes near the beach, seaside sparrows and clapper rails are among the prized finds for keen birders, and even a casual observer can appreciate the northern harriers that might be seen in low, slow flight as they hunt over the coastal marshes at any time of year. Along the shoreline the birding may be at its best in winter. On rocky headlands you might spot the dark silhouettes of so-called purple sandpipers, while gulls of several species wheel overhead. Just off the coast you'll enjoy wintering flocks of common eiders, big hardy sea ducks famed for the insulating properties of their down feathers. Not so famous but also present are other kinds of seafaring ducks, such as white-winged scoters and common mergansers, while clusters of black-and-white patterned long-tailed ducks may be on display flying farther offshore. Travel this trail and experience its birds, and you'll agree that good things do come in small packages. For more information: Download the Rhode Island Coastal Adventure Trails' Coastal Birding Trail guide or call 401-364-9124.

Virginia Birding and Wildlife Trail: One of the first states to develop a statewide birding trail, Virginia created a model for others by dividing its natural riches into three distinct regions, each with its own loop. The coastal section has a southern climate and a southern flavor to its birdlife. Along the beaches and barrier islands, stocky brown Wilson's plovers run across the sand, shrill-voiced royal terns circle overhead, and squadrons of brown pelicans glide above the waves, just as they would along a Florida beach. There's a completely different feel to the state's western mountains, where you may find nesting birds typical of farther north, such as the colorful Canada warbler singing from the rhododendron thickets and the shy brown veery giving its spiraling airy whistles from moist ravines among the maples. Between the mountains and the coast, the rivers, meadows, and great forests of oak and pine will produce a plethora of colorful birds in all seasons, from eastern bluebirds and red-bellied woodpeckers to rich fox-colored brown thrashers. Wild turkeys have become numerous again, and small groups of them may be seen stalking along the edges of woodlots and fields, just as they did when the first colonists arrived. For more information: Visit the Virginia Department of Game & Inland Fisheries or call 804-367-6913 or 866-748-2298.


Jonathan Carlson

The Midwest's great open expanse is the largest swath of flatland in the United States. Urbanites on either coast may think of it as flyover country--if they think of it at all. Call it what you will; I call it home. The birds that captivated me as a six-year-old in Indiana, and that consumed my every spare moment as a teenager in Kansas, stirred my desire to witness all the world's birds. And they ultimately drew me back to the Midwest, to live in Ohio. More than 70 years ago my grandfather published Level Land, a book of poetry celebrating the prairies, so perhaps the Midwest is in my blood. If so, as a birder, I have no regrets.

Magazine Category

Author Profile

Kenn Kaufman

Type: Author | From: Audubon Magazine


Midwest Trails

I, too, am disappointed in the lack of information about Midwest trails. There's a lot more to it than flat, open land! What about the forests of Michigan and Minnesota and Wisconsin?

Midwest Trails

We seem to be experiencing some technical difficulties with the story, and the Midwestern trail pages aren't showing up. You can see the Midwest trails if you view the story as a single page (click "Show full page", located beneath the page numbers). Our IT department is working to fix the problem.

Bird watching

Wisconsin has great bird watching areas. One of the greatest places to watch bald eagles is the Wisconsin River.

I will be travelling to the

I will be travelling to the Chicago area soon and would like information on Midwest trails. Do you have that information??

Check page 10.

Check page 10.


The email I received from Audubon said "Chicagoans for instance, can spy Bobolinks, tanagers, hawks, warblers and rails—and still be home in time for lunch." Yet when I clicked the link and read through the lengthy list of birding trails, I saw nothing in the Chicagoland area. I certainly can't get home for lunch from Kansas or Kentucky.


It's true! Montrose Harbor here in Chicago is the place to go I hear, though currently doing a bird count for LPZoo, I've seen all sorts of good stuff. A little out of the ordinary for the area nothing crazy. Champaign, IL has some great migrants, and the suburbs (Kane County) of Chicago gets Sandhill Cranes, White Pelicans, and all sorts of randoms if you know where to look. I'm bummed Audubon skipped over it. :-(

If you want to see the state endangered Black Crowned Night Heron, come visit Lincoln Par Zoo, we've got hundreds!

No Midwest trails to share?

How come you don't provide any information about Midwest trails?

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